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About Colognes, Fragrances and Perfumes

Colognesonlineplus.com stocks an assortment of top colognes and perfumes for both men and women with today’s hottest fragrances.  

For women, a cologne, fragrance or perfume signifies luxury, sophistication, romance and sensuality.  Perfumes are essentially a blend of different essences that divide into six different fragrance categories – Floral, Oriental, Citrus, Chypre, Green Marine and Fruit.  Typical plant products include anise, bay leaf, bergamot, cardamom, cedar wood, eucalyptus, frankincense, gardenia, geranium, iris, jasmine, lavender, lemon, lilac, lily, lily of the valley, magnolia, moss, neroli, orange, orris, patchouli, pine, raspberry, rose, sage, sandalwood, tuberose, vanilla, violet and ylang-ylang. 

For men, the history of colognes, fragrance and lotions goes back to the very beginning of civilization. As far back as 200 years before the birth of Christ, the Babylonian ruler, Hammurabi, decreed that everyone in his kingdom (men and women) had to wash in perfume. Men eventually discovered that oils and rendered animal fats not only helped heal the skin but prevented further damage. While the wealthy used fine almond, olive and sesame oils, the unfortunate smelled less fragrant but were probably equally comfortable with castor oil.  As time moved forward, men’s fragrances changed and involved to be taken more seriously as a marketing category beginning in the 1970s.

Classification of Colognes, Fragrances and Perfumes

Traditional classification of fragrances which emerged around 1900 comprised the following categories:

  • Single Floral: Fragrances that are dominated by a scent from one particular flower.
  • Floral Bouquet: Is a combination of fragrance from several flowers in a perfume compound.
  • Ambered or "Oriental": A large fragrance class featuring the sweet slightly animalism scents of ambergris or labdanum, often combined with vanilla, tonka bean, flowers and woods. Can be enhanced by camphorous oils and incense resins, which bring to mind Victorian-era imagery of the Middle East and Far East.
  • Wood: Fragrances that are dominated by woody scents, typically of agarwood, sandalwood and cedarwood. Patchouli, with its camphoraceous smell, is commonly found in these perfumes.
  • Leather: A family of fragrances which features the scents of honey, tobacco, wood and wood tars in its middle or base notes and a scent that alludes to leather.
  • Chypre: Meaning Cyprus in French, this includes fragrances built on a similar accord consisting of bergamot, oakmoss, patchouli, and labdanum.
  • Fougère: Meaning Fern in French, built on a base of lavender, coumarin and oakmoss. Many men's fragrances belong to this family of fragrances, which is characterized by its sharp herbaceous and woody scent. 

Modern classification of fragrances, since 1945, revolutionize due to great advances in the technology of perfume creation (i.e., compound design and synthesis) as well as the natural development of styles and tastes; new categories have emerged to describe modern scents:

  • Bright Floral: combining the traditional Single Floral & Floral Bouquet categories.
  • Green: a lighter and more modern interpretation of the Chypre type, with pronounced cut grass, crushed green leaf and cucumber-like scents.
  • Aquatic, Oceanic, or Ozonic: the newest category in perfume history, appearing in 1991.  A very clean, modern smell leading to many of the modern androgynous perfumes.  Generally contains calone, a synthetic scent discovered in 1966.  Also used to accent floral, oriental, and woody fragrances.
  • Citrus: An old fragrance family that until recently consisted mainly of "freshening" eau de colognes, due to the low tenacity of citrus scents. Development of newer fragrance compounds has allowed for the creation of primarily citrus fragrances.
  • Fruity: Features aromas of fruits other than citrus, such as peach, cassis (black currant), mango, passion fruit, and others.
  • Gourmand: Scents with "edible" or "dessert"-like qualities.  These often contain notes like vanilla, tonka bean and coumarin, as well as synthetic components designed to resemble food flavors.

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